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英汉翻译常见错误例析天天练习

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由于缺乏背景知识造成的错误

1The man is the black sheep of the family.

2When you are downyou are not necessarily out.

3He tugged heavy hand baggage down endless airport corridors.

答案及解析如下

1、 误:这个人象家里的黑羊一样。
正:这个人是家里的败家子。
析:在英语中,黑羊具有贬意,可翻译为害群之马,败家子。
题外话:在WestlifeSeasons in the  sun中,就有一句I was the black sheep of the family…你听出来了吗??

2、  
误:当你倒的时候,你不一定在外面。
正:碰到挫折,并不一定丧失成功的机会。

析:本句借用了拳击中的规则来表达意思,众所周知,在拳击赛上被击倒后在数十下之内站起来还可继续比赛,并有机会取胜。

3
误:他拖住沉重的随身行李,走过无止境的机场走廊。
正:他拖住沉重的随身行李,走过环行的机场走廊。
析:一般的国际机场,从候机室通向各跑道的走廊呈环状,两头相连,所以是“endless”,因此此句中应该译为环状的



翻译资格学习指导:常翻译错的英语句子

1.我很喜欢它。
FalseI very like it.
TrueI like it very much.
2.这个价格对我挺合适的。
FalseThe price is very suitable for me.
TrueThe price is right.
suitable最常见的用法是以否定的形式出现在告示或通知上,如:下列节目儿童不宜。The following programme is not suitable for children在这组句子中用后面的说法会更合适。
3.你是做什么工作的呢?
FalseWhats you rjob
TrueAre you working at the moment
whats your job这种说法难道也有毛病吗?是的。因为如果您的谈话对象刚刚失业,如此直接的问法会让对方有失面子,所以您要问:目前您是在上班吗,Are you working at the moment,接下来您才问:目前您在哪儿工作呢,where are you working these days,或者您从事哪个行业呢,What line of work are you in,顺带说一下,回答这类问题时不妨说得具体一点,不要只是说经理或者秘书。
4.用英语怎么说?
FalseHow to say in English
TrueHow do you say this in English
How to say是在中国最为泛滥成灾的中国式英语之一,这决不是地道的英语说法。同样的句子有:请问这个词如何拼写,How do you spell that please,请问这个单词怎么读,How do you pronounce this word
5.明天我有事情要做。
FalseI have something to do tomorrow.
TrueSorry but Iam tied up all day tomorrow.
I have something to do来表示您很忙,这也完全是中国式的说法。因为每时每刻我们都有事情要做,躺在那里睡大觉也是事情。所以您可以说我很忙,脱不开身:I m tied up.还有其他的说法:I m afraid I cant make it at that time. Id love tobut IcantI have to stay at home.
6.我没有英文名。
FalseI havent English name.
TrueI don't have an English name.
许多人讲英语犯这样的错误,从语法角度来分析,可能是语法功底欠缺,因为have在这里是实义动词,而并不是在现在完成时里面那个没有意义的助动词。所以,这句话由肯定句变成否定句要加助动词。明白道理是一回事,习惯是另一回事,请您再说几话:
我没有钱;I don't have any money.
我没有兄弟姐妹;I don't have any brothers or sisters.
我没有车。I don't have a car.
7.我想我不行。
FalseI think I cant.
TrueI don't think I can.
这一组然是个习惯问题,在语法上称为否定前置,这就是汉语里面说我想我不会的时候,英语里面总是说我不认为我会。以后您在说类似的英语句子的时候,只要您留心,也会习惯英语的说法的。

8.我的舞也跳得不好。
FalseI don't dance well too.
TrueI am not a very good dancer either.
当我们说不擅长做什么事情的时候,英语里面通常用not good at something,英语的思维甚至直接踊跃到:我不是一个好的舞者。
9.现在几点钟了?
FalseWhat time is it now
TrueWhat time is itplease
What time is it now这是一个直接从汉语翻译过的句子,讲英语的时候没有必要说now,因为您不可能问what time was it yesterday 或者what time is it tomorrow。所以符合英语习惯的说法是:请问现在几点了?还有一种说法是:how are we doing for time这句话在有时间限制的时候特别合适
10.我的英语很糟糕。
FalseMy English is poor.
TrueI am not 100% fluentbut at least I am improving.
有人开玩笑说,全中国人最擅长的一句英文是:My English is poor实话说,我从来没有遇到一个美国人对我说:My Chinese is poor。无论他们的汉语是好是坏,他们会说:I am still having a few problembut I’m getting better。当您告诉外国人,您的英语很poorso what是要让别人当场施舍给我们一些英语呢,还是说我的英语不好,咱们不谈了吧。另外一个更大的弊端是,一边不停的学英语,一边不停地说自己的英语很poor,这正像有个人一边给车胎充气,又一边在车胎上扎孔放气。我坚信,如果现在就苦下功夫,把EPTIP系列教材吃通吃透,您的IT职业英语水平立即就会迅速的提高。您以后和外国IT同行交流时再也不用说:我的英语很poor。您可以实事求是地说,我的英语还不算十分流利,但至少我在进步。
11.你愿意参加我们的晚会吗?
FalseWould you like to join our party on Friday
TrueWould you like to come to our party on Friday night
join往往是指参加俱乐部或者协会,如:join a health club; join the Communist Party。事实上,常常与party搭配的动词的come或者go。如go a wild party,或者come to a Christmas Party
12.我没有经验。
FalseI have no experience.
TrueI am afraid I don't know much about that.
I have no experience这句话听起来古里古怪,因为您只需要说:那方面我懂得不多,或者这方面我不在行,就行了。I am not really an expert in this area.
13.我没有男朋友。
FalseI have no boyfriend.
TrueI don't have a boyfriend.
14.他的身体很健康。
FalseHis body is healthy.
TrueHe is in good health. You can also sayHe’s healthy.

 15.价钱很昂贵/便宜。
FalseThe price is too expensive/cheap.
TrueThe price is too high/rather low.
16.我们下了车。
FalseWe got off the car.
TrueWe got out of the car.
17.车速快了。
FalseThe speed of the car is fast.
TrueThe car is speeding. Or The car is going too fast.
18.这个春节你回家吗?
Will you be going back home for the Spring Festival
False:是的,我回去。Of course!(这一句是错的)
True:当然。Sure./Certainly.(这种说法是正确的)
以英语为母语的人使用of course的频率要比中国的学生低得多,只有在回答一些众所周知的问题时才说of course。因为of course后面隐含的一句话是当然我知道啦!难道我是一个傻瓜吗?因此,of course带有挑衅的意味。在交谈时,用surecertainly效果会好得多。同时,of course not也具挑衅的意味。正常情况下语气温和的说法是certainly not
19.我觉得右手很疼。
FalseI feel very painful in my right hand.
TrueMy right hand is very painful.

Or think you could be so young.
TrueAfter having read your novelI expected you would be older.
22.她脸红了,让我看穿了她的心思。
FalseHer red face made me see through her mind.
TrueHer red face told me what she was thinking.
23.看到这幅画让我想到了我的童年时代。
FalseThe sight of these pictures made me remember my own childhood.
TrueSeeing these pictures reminded me of my own childhood.
24.别理她。
FalseDon’t pay attention to her.
TrueLeave her alone.
25.我在大学里学到了许多知识。
FalseI get a lot of knowledge in the university.
TrueI learned a lot in university.